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Selective functionalization of methane, ethane, and higher alkanes by cerium photocatalysis

With the recent soaring production of natural gas, the use of methane and other light hydrocarbon feedstocks as starting materials in synthetic transformations is becoming increasingly economically attractive, although it remains chemically challenging. We report the development of photocatalytic C–H amination, alkylation, and arylation of methane, ethane, and higher alkanes under visible light irradiation at ambient temperature. High catalytic efficiency (turnover numbers up to 2900 for methane and 9700 for ethane) and selectivity were achieved using abundant, inexpensive cerium salts as photocatalysts. Ligand-to-metal charge transfer excitation generated alkoxy radicals from simple alcohols that in turn acted as hydrogen atom transfer catalysts. The mixed-phase gas/liquid reaction was adapted to continuous flow, enabling the efficient use of gaseous feedstocks in scalable photocatalytic transformations.

Science 17 Aug 2018:
Vol. 361, Issue 6403, pp. 668-672
DOI: 10.1126/science.aat9750

http://science.sciencemag.org/content/361/6403/668

发布日期:2018/8/22 发布者:网站管理员 点击数:1306